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February 2009, Vol. 132, No. 2
The changing impact of marriage and children on women’s labor force participation
This article, originally posted to the BLS Web site on February 27, 2009, was revised and reposted on March 25, 2009. The revisions were due to calculational error and involved chiefly chart 2 and related text.
Saul D. Hoffman
Professor and Chair, Department of Economics, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Between 1984 and 2004, the dampening effect of children on the labor force participation of 25- to 44-year-old single women disappeared, while, for married women, it fell much more slowly, especially after 1993; for married women with children younger than 3 years, the effect of those children on their mothers’ participation in 2004 was as large as it was in 1989 and greater than it was in 1993.
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Related BLS programs
Current Population Survey (Labor Force Statistics)
Trends in labor force participation in the United States.—Oct. 2006.
Trends in labor force participation of married mothers of infants.—Feb. 2007.
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