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March 2002, Vol. 125, No. 3
The labor force experience of women from ‘Generation X’Marisa DiNatale and Stephanie Boraas
During the 1960s and 1970s, legislation and changing social mores dramatically altered the choices young women had about their futures. Girls growing up during this period were influenced both by the conventions of their parents’ generation and by the new opportunities that were becoming available to them. In contrast, girls born in later years grew up in an era in which women often were expected to combine market work1 with family responsibilities. Consequently, women who were aged 25 to 34 years in 2000 had a markedly different relationship to the labor market than did their counterparts in 1975.
The first part of this article focuses on the major demographic and labor market indicators that are used to describe young women. These indicators will be used to see how the group and its relationship to the labor market has changed over the past quarter century. The second part focuses on issues facing young women in the labor market today. 2
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1 In this article, the term "market work" refers to jobs outside the home, whether paid or unpaid.
2 Most of the data in this chapter were derived from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample survey of households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. For more information regarding the Current Population Survey, see Current Population Survey: Design and Methodology, Bureau of Labor Statistics Technical Paper 63, March 2000. Where the CPS did not provide complete information, other sources were used.
Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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